The best architects of the 1920s and 30s such as Richard Neutra and Mies van der Rohe were right about how people would want to live in the future. Rejecting the Victorian era with its small windows to the world and stifled by excess furniture, closed-off rooms, heavy fabrics and a plethora of dust collecting tchotchkes cluttering every surface, homes and buildings with big windows, open and airy space began to appear.
Retaining heat in the winter was also a big issue in the 1930s as the most plentiful and cheapest fuel source was coal burned in open fireplaces with windows covered to keep the heat from escaping. However, the invention of insulated glass opened the playing field in architecture and as soon as homeowners made peace with being exposed through the walls of their homes, a whole new open concept interior with natural sunlight pouring in became popular after World War II.
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